Geography, meeting of Two Worlds
The Cuban archipelago is located in the more western part of the Insular Caribbean. It groups on the island of Cuba, the island of youth and more than 4000 islets and rocky islets. The territory emerged is about 111,000 square kilometers with an approximate length of 1 200 km from that to the west. Cuba has more than six thousand kilometers of coastline, with more than 600 beaches and natural diversity that it characterizes to the destination it is manifest in different ecosystems that make up its various regions.
Cuba counts with abundant and excellent natural harbours in bays such as Havana, Cárdenas, Matanzas and Nuevitas, on the north coast, and Guantánamo, Santiago de Cuba and Cienfuegos on the south coast. In the relief are three mountain ranges: the Cordillera Guaniguanico in the west, the Massif of Guamuhaya in the centre and the Sierra Maestra (mountain range Maestra) in the Orient, where is the largest height of the country: the PicoTurquino (Pic Turquino) with 1 974 meters. The plains occupy the 60 percent of the country’s area. More than 60 percent of the country’s rocks are limestone which is originally at more than 20 000 caves that conform to an interesting underground world. In Cuba, the presence of natural and artificial reservoirs is remarkable. It has a river system with short rivers and in general little caudal and little length; The main ones are: Cauto, Zaza and Sagua la Grande.
The 25 percent of the land are woods, basically mangroves. The 23 percent of the area has some degree of protection from its nature, detaching its 14 national parks.
The soils are moderately fertile dedicated to the cultivation of sugarcane, different crops and breeding. The time zone of the Republic of Cuba is GMT-5, because it shares the time zone with Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru; Mexico Time Centre (daylight saving Time), among other countries.